Introductory Readings

Blockmans, W. P., & Nicolette Mout, The World of Emperor Charles V, Chicago: University Press, 2005.


Braudel, Fernand, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II, New York: Harper & Row, 1972-1973.


Dominguez Ortiz, Antonio, The Golden Age of Spain, 1516–1659, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.


Edwards, John, The Spain of the Catholic Monarchs, 1474–1520, New York: Blackwell, 2000.


Elliott, John H., Imperial Spain, 1469-1716, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1964.

– Empires of the Atlantic World: Britain and Spain in America, 1492–1830, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007.


Kamen, Henry, Empire: How Spain Became a World Power, 1492–1763, New York: HarperCollins, 2003.


León-Portilla, Miguel (ed.), The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico, Boston: Beacon Press, 1962.


Lockhart, James, & Stuart B. Schwartz, Early Latin America: A History of Colonial Spanish America and Brazil, Cambridge: University Press, 1983.


Maltby, William S., The Rise and Fall of the Spanish Empire, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.


Olson, James S. et al., Historical Dictionary of the Spanish Empire, 1402–1975, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992. 


Parker, Geoffrey, Philip II, Boston: Little, Brown, 1978.

– Imprudent King: A New Life of Philip II, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2014.


Restall, Matthew, & Felipe Fernández-Armesto, The Conquistadors: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford: University Press, 2012.


Thomas, Hugh, Rivers of Gold: The Rise of the Spanish Empire, from Columbus to Magellan, New York: Random House, 2003.

– The Golden Age: The Spanish Empire of Charles V,  London: Allen Lane, 2009.

– World Without End: The Global Empire of Philip II, London: Allen Lane, 2014.


Todorov, Tzvetan, The Conquest of America. The Question of the Other, New York: Harper & Row, 1984.